Lahav Research Project 2016

Hi my name is Emma Efkeman. I am a sophomore here at William and Mary. This summer I traveled to Lahav, Israel to volunteer on an archaeological dig with Emory University. I would first like to say that none of this would be possible without support from the Judaic Studies Department at W&M. They were extremely helpful in getting me a research grant and a plethora of opportunities. The site we worked on a site that goes back to the 4th millennium and that the area we will be working on dates to the 8th century. The Tel lays on a road connected the Via Maris (Sea Road) to the Hill Country, making it an important landmark for trade and travelers. I stayed on a kibbutz and worked everyday from 5AM to 1PM uncovering a house from the Iron Age II period.

Philosophy Research on Space and Time – Final Conclusion

During this time I surveyed the current research on space and time, especially in the analytic tradition. I got to read many of the good books by contemporary philosophers like Theodore Sider and E. J. Lowe. As I stated in my proposal, this research not only shows me this single topic—space and time, but also helps me better understand metaphysics in general. I’d like not to repeat what I posted in the last three blogs, but to state my new discovery. At first I supposed I would get to know more traditional topics like causation and substance—which, nonetheless, I did indeed—but the most exciting discovery for me is the topic of modality, i.e. the exploration of possibility. Through the disagreement between time A-series and B-series and between Berkeley and Locke on substratum, I see another way out besides supporting one of the view—i.e. to admit that both positions are metaphysically possible, and that because our observation is extremely limited, we should use our intellect to explore possibility, not actuality, a thing that we could not obtain. Thanks to this research I found my second favorite topic in philosophy (the first being existentialism).

Final Musings/Conclusions

I have been back in the States for about 10 days now – it is so hard to believe that my summer in the Philippines is now behind me! After a packed week of RA training back on campus, I have found a little bit of time to reflect about my time abroad this summer. Here I will focus on a couple of factors that made my summer experience truly memorable.

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