Immunization Coverage & Community Development: EAP 2019 Abstract

Community Health Partners (CHP) clinics include a staff of lab technicians, nurses, clinical officers, nutritionists, midwives, and pharmacists who collaborate to carry out CHP’s mission of “affordable and accessible healthcare to all people.” CHP operates 7 clinic sites in Kenya’s Narok County. Immunization records are kept in a paper logbook and differ in collection method from site to site. The East Africa Project (EAP) research team aims to design an effective and sustainable solution to digitize Community Health Partner’s immunization records (using Google Apps) at the Ewaso Ngiro clinic site. While digitizing, we aim to analyze and uncover patterns in Narok country immunization records and answer questions, including but not yet limited to: [Read more…]

Abstract: Ravensbrück Concentration Camp

Ravensbrück, a small town in the north of Germany, was the site of an all-female Nazi concentration camp that stood from 1939 to 1945. Of the estimated 132,000 women who passed through its gates, approximately 100,000 to 117,000 perished. As the camp lies north of Berlin, it fell behind the Iron Curtain after the end of the war. Out of Western reach, the site became a shrine to the war’s communist heroines. As a consequence, the stories of the women who were held at Ravensbrück were obscured and ignored both in historiographical literature and wider German national consciousness for more than half a century. For this project, I will be analyzing Ravensbrück as an understudied site of horror with a focus on four main groups of women that passed through the camp. Foremost, I will concentrate on a group of Polish women known as the Rabbits. Dr. Karl Gebhard, Dr. Fritz Fischer, and Dr. Herta Oberheuser performed gruesome medical experiments on these women at Ravensbrück in 1942 and 1943. In addition, I will examine female Nazi doctors, female SS personnel, and members of European resistance groups who were arrested and sent to Ravensbrück. I believe concentrating on these groups will provide an overview of the interactions of different women in the camp, both perpetrators and victims, as well as increase scholarly understanding of specific individuals, such as the Rabbits, who have received limited historiographical attention.

Investigating the Role of SUMO in C. elegans Spermatocyte Meiosis

Meiosis is cellular division of one diploid (2n) cell through two consecutive divisions to produce haploid (1n) gametes. Although the process of meiosis is foundational for all lifeforms, many aspects of the stages and cellular processes that occur during meiosis are still not understood. By investigating the mechanism of this process, key finding can be applied to answer questions regarding errors that account for genetic disorders and chromosomal defects. C. elegans is a useful model system for studying the molecular mechanisms of meiotic prophase because the events occur in a linear array along the length of the gonad. Recently, researchers have discovered a role for protein SUMOylation in oogenesis (egg) production: SUMOylation is when covalent bonds form between the post-translational modification protein known as SUMO and other proteins. The role of SUMOylation during spermatogenesis (sperm production) is not yet understood. Spermatogenesis differs from oogenesis in three key ways: males have a unique feature that occurs before meiosis I called karyosome where the genetic material is essentially in a state of “waiting” before beginning meiosis. The spindle formation in metaphase I of potential sperm cells is also notably different than in oocyte formation. I will investigate the pattern of SUMO protein during the karyosome stage just before the meiotic divisions and sumo’s distribution on the chromosomes and spindle fibers throughout the two meiotic divisions.