Abstract

“Is there a higher mortality rate for Black incarcerated women compared with non-incarcerated Black women?” I will look at issues affecting maternal mortality in the US and globally and examining social, economic and political factors that affect maternal mortality. The maternal mortality rate for black women is extremely high and it is important to determine if it is higher in the subset of black women in prison. The rate of incarceration for women is rising, although women still make up a minority of incarcerated persons in the U.S. (less than 10%). Black women make up about 25% of incarcerated women and it is important to know if their rates of maternal mortality is higher than that of black women in the general population given that the rate of black women is already higher than that in many developing countries. Maternal mortality in the US has been found to increase slightly and finding out if women giving birth in prison is contributing to the increasing rate is part of my research. A major social justice issue in incarcerated women is shackling during delivery and it will be important to understand how this factor affects delivery outcomes for both the mother and child.

Abstract, Children’s Experiences During Simulated Visitation Experiences, Rita McInerny

Research Abstract

This project aims to understand if there are any differences in the psychosocial development of children whose mothers are incarcerated. This will be done by comparing literature that follows children who were born prior to their mothers being incarcerated, with those children who were born while their mothers were incarcerated.

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Abstract: Implementation of PHA bio-plastic to improve stream and runoff water quality

Last year, I began working in Dr. Randy Chambers’ lab with polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), organic material produced by certain kinds of bacteria under conditions of high carbon availability and low nutrient presence. Bacteria sequester this carbon polymer product and can use it as an energy source for growth. When removed from the bacteria that produced it, polyhydroxyalkanoates are readily combined with other materials to produce PHA polymer-blends as a kind of ‘bioplastic.’ There are many potential applications of PHA-based products, and therefore research on the material is gaining popularity. For example, this biodegradable material could be invaluable to reducing petroleum-based plastic waste. As another example, when placed in stream water, the naturally occurring bacteria could use the PHA polymer as a carbon source and eliminate excess nutrients via processes like denitrification. This summer, I hope to assess the potential for PHA use by bacteria in water quality improvement efforts and answer the question of the material’s effectiveness and the significance of its impact. 

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Corticosterone hormone as an indicator for environmental mercury stress in migratory versus resident bird species

Abstract

The goal of this project is to learn more about how migration affects a bird’s reaction to environmental mercury stress. I will be measuring corticosterone (CORT), a stress hormone, as well as mercury in feather samples from a migratory and nonmigratory species. I expect that nonmigratory species will exhibit more mercury but less CORT in their feathers. The constant exposure will naturally select birds that do not overreact to mercury poisoning. Overreaction to mercury tends to lead to reduced reproductive success. Therefore, it acts as a direct selective pressure on birds in mercury-polluted environments. With this information, we can learn more about how mercury pollution in one area affects wildlife on a continental scale.

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