Research Abstract

This project aims to understand if there are any differences in the psychosocial development of children whose mothers are incarcerated. This will be done by comparing literature that follows children who were born prior to their mothers being incarcerated, with those children who were born while their mothers were incarcerated.

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Abstract: Implementation of PHA bio-plastic to improve stream and runoff water quality

Last year, I began working in Dr. Randy Chambers’ lab with polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), organic material produced by certain kinds of bacteria under conditions of high carbon availability and low nutrient presence. Bacteria sequester this carbon polymer product and can use it as an energy source for growth. When removed from the bacteria that produced it, polyhydroxyalkanoates are readily combined with other materials to produce PHA polymer-blends as a kind of ‘bioplastic.’ There are many potential applications of PHA-based products, and therefore research on the material is gaining popularity. For example, this biodegradable material could be invaluable to reducing petroleum-based plastic waste. As another example, when placed in stream water, the naturally occurring bacteria could use the PHA polymer as a carbon source and eliminate excess nutrients via processes like denitrification. This summer, I hope to assess the potential for PHA use by bacteria in water quality improvement efforts and answer the question of the material’s effectiveness and the significance of its impact. 

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Corticosterone hormone as an indicator for environmental mercury stress in migratory versus resident bird species

Abstract

The goal of this project is to learn more about how migration affects a bird’s reaction to environmental mercury stress. I will be measuring corticosterone (CORT), a stress hormone, as well as mercury in feather samples from a migratory and nonmigratory species. I expect that nonmigratory species will exhibit more mercury but less CORT in their feathers. The constant exposure will naturally select birds that do not overreact to mercury poisoning. Overreaction to mercury tends to lead to reduced reproductive success. Therefore, it acts as a direct selective pressure on birds in mercury-polluted environments. With this information, we can learn more about how mercury pollution in one area affects wildlife on a continental scale.

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Isolated Ecuadorian Communities and Environmental Perspective

Much of the current conversation around climate change and environmentalism involves the concept of environmental equality. On a global scale, developing countries have little voice in the international discourse on conservation, despite often being the first to feel the effects of climate change. This inequality is further exacerbated at the local level, as vulnerable populations with little education and economic affluence are disproportionately affected by environmental issues, and lack the resources to appropriately address mitigation options. Anthropological literature consistently demonstrates the interconnectedness of level of education, economic status, and perception of global environmental degradation. In a study of several secluded groups in Ecuador, I will investigate how this dynamic of education and financial position interplay with geographic isolation in a person’s relationship with the environmental movement.

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Synthesis and properties of a [2.2.2]-diazabicyclic polymer

Polymers represent a general class of molecules consisting of many repeated units, or monomers. Traditionally, polymers consist of hydrocarbon monomers and can vary drastically in complexity and functionality. Due to their high molecular weight and chain-like structure, polymers have unique properties that differ significantly from their monomer counterparts, including durability and malleability. For this reason, polymers are used in many everyday products.

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