Maternal Mortality Rates in Black Incarcerated Women

Abstract:

The focal question of my research will be, “To what extent does current legislation ensure the well-being and optimal maternal health of Black incarcerated women?”.  I plan to review the health information that is collected on prisoners in federal and state prisons and will come up with recommendations on how to include maternal mortality in the information in the data collected. When looking at information related to incarcerated peoples, it predominantly pertains to time served by offenders and their level of violence. In my research, I will suggest and find evidence to support the idea that more attention needs to be given to the health of inmates, and more specifically to the health of pregnant incarcerated women. I will introduce preventative measures to lower the maternal mortality rates that can be seen in incarcerated women, especially those who are Black as it has been statistically shown that Black women are more likely to suffer from childbirth complications. Additionally, I will focus on how to incorporate the recommendations from newer laws on maternal health into the Bureau of Justice Statistics data collection. Recent maternal health legislation passed by Congress allocates $12 million a year at the state level for Maternal Mortality Review. These laws place an emphasis on providing care for pregnant women, and it is imperative that this same care is extended to pregnant women who are incarcerated. Consequently, is also important to research the best ways in which to apply this new law to incarcerated women. To help determine this, I will be using a database. The resources that I will be using for my research include the data agency that is mandated to collect data on incarcerated populations in the United States, the Bureau of Justice Statistics under the Department on Justice (https://www.bjs.gov).

Abstract: Analyzing the Role of Community Health Extension Workers in Providing Health Services to Low Health Communities Domestically and Abroad

Many barriers stand in the way of the efficiency of the US healthcare system; one such barrier is access. Education levels, income, race, and gender make up but a few of the potential barriers between an individual in need of medical attention and the proper means by which it is attained. This fact explains why urban areas cite some of the highest health disparities, why Baltimore, Maryland’s John’s Hopkins University medical school is one of the highest ranked but the community in which they serve has some of the country’s worst health outcomes. Barriers abound. These barriers are not negligible, but rather we pay for them in the cost of human lives. With my research, I plan to use the actions taken by international healthcare systems in bridging the gaps of access, to inform ways in which the US healthcare system can better serve its communities of constrained resources. Namely, I plan to look at, and analyze, the role of the community health extension worker in low health communities around the world and determine if the introduction of the community health worker in the US serves to potentially aid in bridging the health disparity gaps that we face in our own healthcare system.

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