Philosophy Research on Space and Time – Final Conclusion

During this time I surveyed the current research on space and time, especially in the analytic tradition. I got to read many of the good books by contemporary philosophers like Theodore Sider and E. J. Lowe. As I stated in my proposal, this research not only shows me this single topic—space and time, but also helps me better understand metaphysics in general. I’d like not to repeat what I posted in the last three blogs, but to state my new discovery. At first I supposed I would get to know more traditional topics like causation and substance—which, nonetheless, I did indeed—but the most exciting discovery for me is the topic of modality, i.e. the exploration of possibility. Through the disagreement between time A-series and B-series and between Berkeley and Locke on substratum, I see another way out besides supporting one of the view—i.e. to admit that both positions are metaphysically possible, and that because our observation is extremely limited, we should use our intellect to explore possibility, not actuality, a thing that we could not obtain. Thanks to this research I found my second favorite topic in philosophy (the first being existentialism).

Philosophy Research on Time and Space – Update 3 on Time

In my first blog I explained the difference between time A-series and B-series, which Is brought up by McTaggart. Upon bringing this distinction, McTaggart argues that the A-series of time involves contradiction. According to him, tensed properties, i.e. pastness, presentness, and futureness, are mutually exclusive. No event can possibly have more than one tensed property. However, in A-series of time, any event in time would have all three tensed properties. For example, I being born had the property of futureness before I was born, have the property of presentness at the moment I was born, and have the property of pastness ever since. This seems contradictory to McTaggart.

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Philosophy Research on Time and Space – Update 2 on Space

Historical and current research on space has largely fallen on the relationship between objects and space, i.e. whether space is dependent on objects (there’s no space if there’s no object) or objects are dependent on space (there’s no object if there’s no space). Different from the concept of time, we cannot imagine anything without imagining it in space, and this gives space a special status.  Philosophy of science has done most of the work in contemporary philosophy, and that is not what my interest falls on. Therefore, my interest is primarily not about the relationship between objects and space, but the question: “what does it mean to be extended in space?”

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In Conclusion

Hello Everyone,

For my last post, I wanted to do some reflecting on the events of this summer and the progress I’ve made in my research. First off, I’d like to be honest in saying that the events of this summer made it at times very hard to pursue this research. The deaths of Philandro Castile, Alton Sterling, and Korryn Gaines, police shootings in Dallas and Baton Rouge, and current unrest in Milwaukee, have underscored the timeliness of my research, but also made it very difficult to generate the emotional stamina necessary to examine police brutality in text and in reality. As a scholar-activist, self-care is an important skill to learn and it’s one that I’ve had to develop out of necessity this year.

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Concluding thoughts on summer research of auto paints

Step four of my summer research plan is to conclude what I’ve learned over the summer and plan for the coming semester. I’ve learned a lot this summer about car paints and what research in a chemistry lab is all about. I learned that auto paints are way more complicated then they appear and that auto paints have evolved just as cars have evolved over time. During the last couple weeks, I discovered through some literature review a test for a base knowledge of what auto paint is made up of. This test also proved to be a helpful extraction agent and gave some distinctive spectra when paired with SERS. When I head back to the lab next semester I will further explore this method of extraction and see if I can truly identify and reproduce the characteristic spectra for the manufacturer auto paints. Once I have finished developing the method for the manufacturer paints, I will finally move on to paint samples straight from a car. I can’t wait to get back into the lab and continue exploring new ideas and developing experimental methods.